Sunderland 1973: The Stokoe factor

IT will soon be 50 years since Sunderland pulled off one of the great FA Cup final shocks of all time, beating the pre-eminent team of the time, Leeds United, 1-0 at Wembley. Sunderland, universally considered to be a big, underperforming club, had not won anything since 1937 when they lifted the old trophy and they have not won anything significant since. Outside their Stadium of Light, a very eccentric statue of their manager in 1973, the much-loved Bob Stokoe, is a constant reminder of that glorious day: May 5, 1973.

Sunderland had been relegated from the first division in 1970 and had finished 13th and 5th in their first two second division campaigns. Stokoe took over in November 1972 after Alan Brown was sacked and his arrival seemed to rejuvenate the players at Roker Park. He was 42 years old, although he resembled an elder statesman of the game. He had won the FA Cup as a player with Newcastle United in 1955 and was very much a son of the North-East. His enthusiasm and spirit was quite infectious, something Sunderland needed as their crowds had dropped to around 15,000 in 1971-72 – the lowest since 1915. Alan Brown’s last game, a 0-0 draw at home to Fulham was watched by less than 12,000 people.

Sunderland were in 19th place when Stokoe became manager and his first game was a 1-0 home defeat at the hands of Burnley, but the team then went on an eight-match unbeaten run. Among the eight were the first two stages of their FA Cup run, the third and fourth rounds, in which Sunderland beat Notts County and Reading, both after replays. At the start of February 1973, Stokoe signed journeyman forward Vic Halom from Luton Town and he made an immediate impact, scoring on his home debut in a 4-0 victory against Middlesbrough. Sunderland had moved up the table but they were still too close to the bottom for comfort.

The FA Cup run didn’t really come alive until the fifth round when Sunderland were drawn away to Manchester City, a team that included star names like Colin Bell, Mike Summerbee, Francis Lee and Rodney Marsh. Sunderland were the underdogs, but were far from overawed at Maine Road. It was an excellent game, as acknowledged by The Times: “Nobody could have asked for more from a cup tie: sweat, subtlety, tension on the field and four walls of roaring, involved spectators”. City took the lead after 16 minutes through Tony Towers. Mick Horswill levelled in the 36th minute and then Billy Hughes put them ahead on 68. It was only an unfortunate own goal, four minutes later, that earned City a replay, Jim Montgomery punching a corner from Summerbee into his own net. In a game of 40 fouls, City had Towers sent off seven minutes from time.

The replay was a stirring evening of high drama and passion. Almost 52,000 people, the biggest home crowd for three years, packed into Roker Park and witnessed a Sunderland performance of “vigour, enthusiasm and shooting power”. Halom and Hughes scored excellent goals to give Sunderland a 2-0 lead inside 25 minutes and although Lee pulled one back in the second half, another Hughes goal, turned in at the far post after Dennis Tueart shot across the area, gave Stokoe’s side a 3-1 victory.

Luton Town were beaten 2-0 in the sixth round, a week after the Hatters had beaten Sunderland in the league. The goals came from the impressive Dave Watson and Ron Guthrie. Sunderland were in the semi-finals and were paired with Arsenal, who had been in the past two FA Cup finals and a final of some sort in every year since 1967-68. 

The Gunners played dreadfully at Hillsborough, but Sunderland were outstanding, constantly bothering their first division opponents, notably through Horswill, who was very abrasive in midfield and really stymied England World Cup winner Alan Ball.  Arsenal centre half Jeff Blockley, in particular, had a torrid afternoon and was eventually taken off and replaced by John Radford. Sunderland had given an early warning to Arsenal when Horswill’s was turned over by Bob Wilson. In the 19th minute, Halom took advantage of a bad back pass by Blockley, pushed the ball past Wilson and then rolled it into the net. In the 63rd minute, Hughes made it 2-0, back heading past the Arsenal keeper who could only help the ball into the net. Arsenal were stunned but launched a series of attacks which inevitably came to nothing, mainly due to the efforts of Montgomery and Watson. Five minutes from the end, Charlie George scored for Arsenal, but it was not enough. 

Sunderland were through to the final. Stokoe was delighted and promised his side would not be visiting Wembley just for a day out:  “We are not world beaters, but we won’t be lacking in effort. We are a team of fighters.”

It was very clear the nation was on the side of Sunderland and that Leeds seemed to be painted as the bad boys who had a mean streak of professionalism about them. It was a little unfair as Leeds were also capable of stunning football. “They represent then good, the bad and the ugly in football… and know all the tricks of the trade and how to use them,” said one journalist on the eve of the final. The Timesexplained that Leeds’ success over the past decade has “left them on an island surrounded by reefs of jealousy, as were Arsenal in the 1930s.” At the same time, the newspaper admitted: “The fact that the world wants them to lose will have little influence on them.”

And lose they did, for Sunderland fought, attacked and thwarted the all-star Leeds side, a team full of internationals that had kept their season alive in the league, FA Cup and European Cup-Winners’ Cup. The only goal of the game came in the 30th minute, following a corner by Hughes. Watson went up for the kick, the ball fell to Ian Porterfield, who killed the bounce and swivelled to shoot into the net. 

Leeds had many chances, as they always did, but they found Montgomery in their way almost every time. The most talked-about opportunity came when Paul Reaney’s cross was met by a Trevor Cherry diving header that was saved by Montgomery, but the ball ran out to Peter Lorimer who opted to burst the ne in his own way. Montgomery tipped his shot onto the bar and the moment was gone for Leeds. Montgomery’s double stop was every bit as spectacular as Gordon Banks’ save from Pelé in 1970.

Sunderland had become the first second division side since West Bromwich Albion in 1931 to win the cup. Not for the first time had Leeds fallen at the final hurdle and this time, they must have been equally upset by the reaction of the rest of the world, who seemed to take pleasure from the discomfort of Don Revie’s men. Stokoe, with his trilby perched on his head and red track suit under his raincoat, ran onto the field like an eccentric dad-dancer, embracing Montgomery, the best uncapped keeper in British football. Leeds would be back in 1973-74, winning their second league title in style, while Sunderland took another three seasons to gain promotion back to the first division. They are still waiting to add to their honours list.

The men that won the FA Cup: Jim Montgomery, Dick Malone, Ron Guthrie, Micky Horswill, Dave Watson, Richie Pitt, Bobby Kerr, Billy Hughes, Vic Halom, Ian Porterfield, Dennis Tueart and David Young.

Footnote: Sunderland entered Europe for the first time in 1973-74 having qualified for the European Cup-Winners’ Cup. They reached the second round, losing to Sporting Lisbon after beating Vasas Budapest.

Please, let’s have some old fashioned romance in the FA Cup this year

THE THIRD Round of the FA Cup gets underway this weekend, arguably one of the most interesting stages of the competition. It is 150 years since the world’s oldest knockout cup was inaugurated, so the 2022 final is sure to be a special occasion.

The cup was renowned for its romantic tales of bravery, heroic performances and the spirit of the unexpected. That aspect of the competition seems to have been forgotten, giant-killings are hard to come by these days, and it is 42 years since West Ham United became the seventh and most recent second division (now Championship) team to lift the old trophy. The nearest we have got to a cup final upset in recent years must be 2013’s victory by Wigan against Manchester City.

It’s hard enough for teams outside the Premier to get as far as the last eight – in the past five years only three Championship sides (Bournemouth 2021, Swansea and Millwall in 2019), two League One and a non-leaguer (Lincoln) have managed to reach the quarter-finals. 

In the past 10 years, 63 of the 80 quarter-finalists have come from the Premier, 12 from the Championship, four from League One and there’s been a solitary non-league club. If you consider that the 1970s provided more surprises – three second division FA Cup winners – then a comparison with that decade may illustrate how the game has changed. The second tier has certainly provided fewer quarter-finalists, 12 versus the 16 between 1970-71 and 1979-80.

Some critics say the Premier clubs are not terribly interested in the FA Cup, but aside from fielding weakened sides – which are still too strong for most opponents – the facts don’t lie. In the past 10 years, the so-called “big six” clubs have filled 14 of 20 cup final places and since West Ham’s 1980 success, those half dozen clubs have won 83% of finals.

The first second division club to win the FA Cup was Notts County in 1894, who had been relegated from the first division in 1893. They beat Bolton Wanderers 4-1 at Goodison Park and Scottish striker Jimmy Logan netted a hat-trick. The media reported that Notts County had deserved their win as they had played “a better class of game throughout”. Logan was something of a journeyman and in his career played for Sunderland, Ayr, Aston Villa, Dundee, Newcastle and Loughborough as well as Notts County. He was also a tragic figure because two years on from his historic treble, he died of pneumonia after the Loughborough team had to travel home from an away game in soaking wet clothing.

Fourteen years later, Wolverhampton Wanderers beat an all-star Newcastle team 3-1 to win the cup. The Geordies were red hot favourites as they had finished fourth in the league, while Wolves were no more than a mid-table team in division two. But they put on a sparkling display at the Crystal Palace in front of 75,000 people which observers of the game described as “strong, relentless and cool”. Wolves has some good players, notably the Olympian and England amateur Kenneth Hunt, who never drew a salary while playing for the club. Newcastle’s team included Bill McCracken, Colin Veitch and Jock Rutherford, all big names in their day. The Lord Mayor of London, Sir John Bell, at the presentation ceremony, was full of praise for the two teams and declared that “so healthy a game as football must benefit the body and also the mind, and so must help to give the country men fitted to represent the nation in any sphere of life.”

In 1912, little Barnsley pulled off a major shock when they beat West Bromwich Albion 1-0 in the final replay at Bramall Lane, Sheffield. The two teams had previously drawn 0-0 at the Crystal Palace. The Barnsley team contained some lovely old period names, such as Wilf Bartop, who was tragically killed in action four days before the end of World War One, George Lillycrop, Harry Tufnell and George Utley. Tufnell, who started his working life as a greengrocer’s assistant, scored the winning goal in the replay with time running out, going on a solo run from the halfway line. Barnsley’s team also had one Robert Glendenning, who went on to manage the Netherlands national team.

West Bromwich Albion became surprise winners in 1931 with arguably one of the best second division teams of all time. Albion won promotion with a team that was an exciting blend of experience and youth. Their run to the final included ties with all their main promotion rivals, Tottenham, Portsmouth and Everton, and in the final they met local rivals Birmingham, who were in the first division. The Blues had legendary goalkeeper Harry Hibbs and prolific scorer Joe Bradford in their line-up. Albion included popular figures like Tommy Magee (“Wee Tommy” to his friends) and striker W.G. Richardson. Albion won 2-1, with Richardson netting both of his side’s goals. “The victory of West Bromwich Albion was the victory of youthful enthusiasm and confidence,” said The Times after the game, which was played in torrential rain. Once in the first division, Albion’s team acclimatised well and finished high in the table for a few seasons.

It wasn’t until 1973 that another second tier side won the FA Cup, Sunderland beating the great Leeds United side of the period 1-0, managed by Don Revie. Bizarrely, although this proved to be one of the great Wembley shocks, many pundits predicted a Sunderland win, based on their run to the final in which they beat Manchester City and Arsenal. Leeds were a tired side and had been chasing the league title and the European Cup-Winners’ Cup. The game has so many moments that have stood the test of time: Jim Montgomery’s double save, Ian Porterfield’s winning goal and Sunderland manager Bob Stokoe running across the lush Wembley turf, an image that has been immortalised outside Sunderland’s stadium in the form of an eye-catching statue. Sunderland were no slouches, though, and as well as Montgomery, an outstanding keeper who was unlucky not to be capped by England, they also had Dave Watson in defence and the richly-talented Dennis Tueart up front. Leeds finished third in the league and were also beaten in the Cup-Winners’ Cup final, losing to AC Milan.

Three years on, Southampton upset the form book by beating an exciting Manchester United team 1-0. The teams could not have been more contrasting; Southampton had experienced players who had found a home on the South Coast in Peter Rodrigues, Peter Osgood, Jim McCalliog alongside home-grown favourites like Mick Channon in their team. United, on the other hand, were in their first season back from a one-year exile in the second division and had captivated audiences everywhere. Southampton, supposedly, were there to make up the numbers. However, Bobby Stokes scored seven minutes from the end and that was enough to win the cup. Stokes was barely seen again and sadly, died at the age of 44. Southampton were one of the favourites to go up in 1976-77, but they had to wait another year before gaining promotion.

West Ham, in 1980, won the FA Cup with a very decent team. Having been relegated in 1978, manager John Lyall had rebuilt his side and in 1979, added Queens Park Rangers’ Phil Parkes, Ray Stewart from Dundee United and Manchester United’s Stuart Pearson to his squad. West Ham’s cup run included some memorable victories against first division teams West Bromwich Albion, Aston Villa and Everton. They went on to beat cup holders Arsenal who were contesting their third consecutive FA Cup final. Trevor Brooking, described as “a man of dignified composure”, scored the only goal of the game with an untypical crouching header. The most controversial moment of a tame final was when West Ham’s teenage midfielder, Paul Allen broke clear on goal but was callously tripped by Arsenal’s Willie Young. Allen, at 17 and 256 days was making history as the youngest player to appear in the Wembley FA Cup final. A year later, the Hammers won the second division and reclaimed their place in the top flight.

Can a Championship team win the FA Cup in the modern game? On average over the past five years, half of the division’s 24 teams fall at the third round and by the sixth round, there’s scarely a team left. As the statistics confirm, the competition is being dominated by the elite clubs, so it really is time for one of those stories that created the magic of the FA Cup. Bring it on.